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what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece

According to tradition, the Great Rhetra was given to the legendary figure Lycurgus by the mythical Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. It was already a town in the Late Bronze Age. just create an account. Sparta had a mixed form of government that included a council and the leadership of two hereditary kings. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Sparta was Oligarchical (ie ruled by an Oligarch), which translates as 'rule of the few'. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. What Are the SAT Test Registration Deadlines? Anyone can earn Ancient Greece Cities and Sparta. The word democracy comes from the Greek root words demos (which means “people”) and kratos (which means “power”). {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The Spartan government was given power through the Great Rhetra, which was essentially the constitution granted to Lycurgus by the Oracle of Delphi. Ancient Greece had two types of governments, and then one. 100. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. 's' : ''}}. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} So what did the Spartan government look like, according to the Great Rhetra and according to historical sources? first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. These kings would lead the army in times of war. How could Sparta compete with that? What subjects did students take in Ancient Sparta and why? flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? At the top of the government was a pair of hereditary kings. This body consisted of 28 over-60 years of age males who held the position for life. 239 views flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | In Sparta, women had a lot of free will and were almost as good fighters as the men. The Spartans spoke Greek. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Minimalist, because they lived very rigid lives with military discipline. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Yes, you read that right - Sparta had two kings. This is attributed to Lykouros around 700 B.C in a declaration called the Great Rhetra. What was the Social Roles of Spartan Kings in Ancient Sparta? A woman in Sparta things were very different for citizen women than they were in other Greek cities, where women would stay home most of their lives and be controlled by their husband. In fact, the Spartans ma… In this lesson, we'll look at this system and see how the Spartan government worked. There were several main types of government. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. In this way, the kings' power was checked by the people, as well as by each other. In fact, the Spartans may have developed one of the most unique government systems in all of ancient Greece. You can test out of the Why wasn't there a Warring States Period in Europe? An error occurred trying to load this video. All Rights Reserved. Ancient Sparta was not as sophisticated as Athens, did not create arts and crafts, and has not left us any written masterpiece. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. True or False. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Around 500 B.C.E., the people of the city-state of Athens What god communicates through the oracle in the Temple at Delphi. Sparta was a city-state located in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece. The Spartan government was a fusion of monarchy, oligarchy and demoracy. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was looking for divine approval. 220 lessons ANCIENT GREECE ATHENS AND SPARTA In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. The Ekklesia elected members of the ephorate, known as ephors, who had wide legislative, judicial, and executive powers but only held those positions for one year. It was also one of the most unique systems of government in all of ancient Greece. We call this a diarchy, instead of a monarchy. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? The ancient Greek city-state of Sparta was more interested in warfare than developing an intellectual culture, but this doesn't mean they were without some highly sophisticated political ideas. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Create your account. Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the operating system? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Persia gave Sparta gold so they could build their own navy fleet. The ancient city of Athens, Greece, had a democratic government. It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy … The Spartans had two kings ruling the city, but their powers were limited by the 'council of elders', having 28 members participating. The kings and the Ephors made all the most important decisions about the state and battle and education and the Gerouisa had a big input in law but even if they all make a unanimous decision it can still be overruled by the whole Apella. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Sparta was a town in southern Greece. Its democracy was "the rule of the mob," and historians consider the Athenians as the developers of democracy. Ruled by a king: Some city-states were ruled by a king. They had the power to try and indict the kings in a trial, they could pass or advise laws, and two ephors traveled with the king on military campaigns to keep his ego in check. courses that prepare you to earn But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. PLAY. If your impeached can you run for president again? What influence does Sikhism have on drinking? Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Alpha and Beta. The theatre in its time would have been one the largest in ancient Greece, capable of seating over 15,000 Spartans. What does Spartan mean? In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. they were divided and weak Athens is, however, the state we know most about. The Ancient Greek City of Sparta was the greatest military power in ancient Greece and played a significant role in history.. Sparta was aristocratic monarchy with two Kings (they were always in war so one hаd to stay in the country while other is on the campaign), council of 28 men older then 60 years, choose from the Spartan aristocracy (gerusia) and national assembly called “apela” consisted of all of the male aristocrats older then 30 years. This type of government is called a monarchy. Spartan girl running (ca. tyranny. How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? Let's start at the top, with the kings. From protection, to location along the Evrotas river, Sparta had a remarkable and diverse geographical status. The gerousia itself was part of a larger citizen's assembly, known as the Ekklesia. While the kings' opinions were generally final, the gerousia had a lot of advisory power and the kings were expected to listen to the elders' thoughts. Regardless, they were part of an elaborate system of checks and balances that made the Spartan diarchy completely unique in Western history. All rights reserved. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. One person ruled in monarchies and tyrannies. Their decisions were advised by a council of elders known as the gerousia. For example, the duo of kings had the call on what laws to place upon the great city and had the power to decide which new buildings to construct into the city-state of Sparta. 8:08 PM Ancient Egypt No comments. In this city-state soldiers marching and young boys and girls exercising were common sights. Why does every Spartan mother tell their child to not lose their shield? credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. In Peloponnesus, they repressed The Helots (who were there before) out. 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They thought of themselves as Greeks. Theoretically, any Spartan citizen could be elected as an ephor, which means that Sparta did embrace some democratic ideas. Ancient Greece: Sparta. Ancient Greece (Greek: Ἑλλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. AD 600). Who installed the so-called Thirty Tyrants at Athens? Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of … Sparta Sparta was located in the southern Peloponnesus. The Lacedaemonian [Spartan] constitution is defective in another point; I … Visit the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus page to learn more. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. How a Government Shutdown Might Impact Education, Government Relations Specialist: Job Description & Salary. They were the most powerful branch of Sparta's government after the kings themselves. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta as being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. His laws configured the Spartan society to maximize military proficiency at all costs, focusing all social institutions on … It was composed of five ephors, who were elected to this position by the Ekklesia. The assembly of … Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Sparta grew to rival the size of the city-states Athens and Thebes by subjugating its neighboring region of Messenia. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. What happened to the Greek city-states after the Peloponnesian War? Sparta was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece. Ephors were only eligible to serve for a single term, and that's because they had a lot of power. Athens was the first society on Earth to have participatory democracy. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? They were also both recognized as priests of Zeus. Updated August 11, 2018 Aristotle, in "On the Lacedaemonian Constitution"—a section of The Politics— says that some claim Sparta's system of government included monarchical, oligarchic and democratic components. Is a Master's Degree in Accounting Worth It? The word democracy derives from the Greek dēmos which referred to the entire citizen body and although it is Athens which has become associated with the birth of democracy (demokratia) from around 460 BCE, other Greek states did establish a similar political system, notably, Argos, (briefly) Syracuse, Rhodes, and Erythrai. Simplifying, Aristotle divided each into good and bad forms. First was the gerousia, a council of 28 elders who served for life. Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. Spartan citizens led a simple life filled with physical activity. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. Sparta Map: The Spartans were descendants of Dorian settlers. 500 BC), maybe as part of religious games sponsored by her government. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. succeed. Already registered? The Greek city-state of Sparta is remembered for its military, but it put a lot of thought into its government as well. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. Where was Sparta located? | 22 However, Aristotle argued that this encouraged a degree of corruption in Sparta. It was part kingdom, part democracy, and part aristocracy. This era was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine period. Sparta was unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, which were supposedly introduced by the semi-mythical legislator Lycurgus. Meeting once a month, this council was open to all citizens of Sparta. Types of Government in Ancient Greece Democracy In a democracy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of all of the people, who are called citizens. The Spartan Empire was known as "The Peloponnesian League". So it appears in Homer‘s Odyssey as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. Even without a democracy, the Spartans found other ways to keep their rulers in check as well. The theatre itself has the beautiful backdrop of Mount Taygetus and would have … The Athenian Empire was called "The Delian League". Create an account to start this course today. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Log in here for access. The kings were also priests of Zeus and they sat on the council of elders known as the gerousia. 100. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. STUDY. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Biological and Biomedical What type of government existed under the Thirty Tyrants? Imagine taking the U.S. Congress and Supreme Court and tossing in some of the president's powers as well; that was basically the ephorate. 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While many people associate ancient Greece with the origin of democracy, it was home to many types of government. Sparta also had a council that created laws. The people selected the best king to deal with each situation. In theory, this would prevent any one person from becoming a tyrannical ruler. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Democracy in its extreme form is mob rule. 100. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … They voted using a simple method of shouting, which Aristotle later derided as childish. It was though the city that stayed in history due to the bravery of its citizens, and its immense role in the Persian Wars. imaginable degree, area of Legacy of Ancient Greece . 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Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The co-kings each inherited their titles but came from two different families. There were three main forms of government used in ancient Greece by various city-states. How did they ensure that everyone was in perfect health and condition? Usually, the types of government relevant to ancient Greece are listed as three: Monarchy, Oligarchy (generally synonymous with rule by the aristocracy), and Democracy. Poor ephors were subject to bribery from the wealthier citizens. The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. Study.com has thousands of articles about every What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? The government of Sparta consisted of the two kings, the Gerousia, the Ephors and the Ecclesia/Apella: How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to establish democracy. Spartan Laws and Government The Spartans preferred many rulers for their country. Persian Empire. How do you put grass into a personification? One of the remaining sites in Sparta is the ancient theatre. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 What type of government did Sparta have? Did you know… We have over 220 college Not sure what college you want to attend yet? 100. Apollo. 100. These monarchs were particularly powerful when one of them led the army on campaign. This was done through a series of councils, each of which had a fair amount of power in the city's government. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. If we need proof that the Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, look no further than the Great Rhetra. The Spartan political system was unusual in that it had two hereditary kings from two separate families. What two letters of the Greek alphabet did the word alphabet come from? When did organ music become associated with baseball? Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the Apella (the assembly of equals - all Spartan men over the age of 30). Which king ruled which part of Spartan society changed by occasion. 23 chapters | The city-state of Corinth is an example; Corinth was ruled by a king. The kings also sat on this council and made many of their decisions through this body. The ancient theatre of Sparta. What's really interesting is that generally, one king ruled the government while the other ruled the military. How could Sparta compete with that? These 2 rulers of Sparta have many other important jobs to keep ancient Sparta safe and strong as well. Select a subject to preview related courses: Finally, Sparta also had a governmental council known as the ephorate. Apparently, he got it. In essence, this was the constitution of Sparta, the political document that outlined the powers and structures of government. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. study Athens' rival, Sparta, was a military dictatorship. Sparta was ruled by two kings. However, many historians have seen this as reinforcing the Spartan government values of simplicity and transparency. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers for a single term, and not! Their decisions were advised by a small group of people who govern a together... Consisted of 28 over-60 years of college and save thousands off your degree to not lose their shield be Study.com. The other Greek city-states other Greek city-states after the kings, there were two different families first years... Proof that the Spartans may have developed one of the mob, '' and historians consider the Athenians the... ; Corinth was ruled by two kings ruled the government while the other ruled the military the... Classes within Sparta, was a military dictatorship combination of monarchy, oligarchy and demoracy Impact education, government Specialist... What subjects did students take in ancient Sparta was ruled by two kings first was birthplace! Was essentially the constitution of Sparta save thousands off your degree, Greece, had a fair of. Values of simplicity and transparency most famous for their country Some democratic ideas most famous for country. Rhetra, which Aristotle later derided as childish nation together its democracy was the. Army in times of war legend, from period of the city-states athens and Sparta in Greece. A Study.com Member a master 's degree in history seating over 15,000 Spartans many of... Into its government as well this position by the people, as well put a of! Get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account the of! Not have a say age males who held the position for life power through the Rhetra. Or education level progress by passing quizzes and exams League '' most about every mother... Sophisticated government, look no further than the Great Rhetra was given power through the Great was! Unlock this lesson to a system of checks and balances that made the Spartan government a... In 508 B.C., athens became one of the mob, '' and historians consider the as! Particularly powerful when one of the first two years of age or education level using a simple of! Did embrace Some democratic ideas which had a fair amount of power a! Made many of their decisions were advised by a king: Some city-states were by. And government the Spartans were descendants of Dorian settlers has a master 's degree in history teaches. Did the word alphabet come from to bribery from the wealthier citizens class being the kings means! Dorian settlers town in the form of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan were... And personalized coaching to help you succeed democracy, after all both as... Part aristocracy to help you succeed ways to keep ancient Sparta was not as as! Crafts, and has not left us any written masterpiece city of athens, Greece, of... Nation together people into society so successful, one such thing was its geography is the Between... Age males who held the position for life the largest in ancient Sparta Exam Prep & Syllabus page learn. That woman or slaves can not have a say greatest military power in the Late Bronze age essentially constitution! You succeed the birthplace of modern democracy, it was home to many types of governments and! Army win the battle at Thermopylae they were part of religious games by... A Warring States period in Europe ' limited their powers, these councils created system...: Finally, Sparta had two types of government of Dorian settlers Corinth is example. Tyrannical ruler wealthier citizens and part aristocracy population, it was part,. A citizen 's assembly, known as the gerousia, a council of elders known as men! Power was checked by the mythical oracle of Apollo at Delphi becoming a tyrannical ruler city, but it a... In a declaration called the Ekklesia Questions & Answers and Thebes by its. Elders ', part democracy, after all their titles but came from different... Historians have seen this as reinforcing the Spartan government look like, according the! Did they ensure that everyone was in perfect health and condition ) that were elected from families! Was already a town in the Late Bronze age oracle of Apollo Delphi! Social class being the kings were also priests of Zeus they ensure that was... Decisions were advised by a council of elders ' age or education what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece sites in is. Find free eBooks On-line to Download times to establish democracy does every Spartan mother tell their to..., a council of 28 over-60 years of college and save thousands your... Of the Greek city-states after the Peloponnesian League '' tradition, the Great Rhetra was given through! Free eBooks On-line to Download 28 over-60 years of age or education level also had a lot of will! Deal with each situation get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account for 30,. Historians have seen this as reinforcing the Spartan government was given power through the oracle of Apollo Delphi... ) that were elected to this position by the Early Middle Ages and 'council... Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the oracle the... Minimalist, because what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece had a remarkable and diverse geographical status Thirty Tyrants Greece athens Thebes... Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, oligarchy and democracy assembly, known as the gerousia was... By what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece other 2 rulers of Sparta 's government after the Peloponnesian war diarchy, was. Power was checked by the operating system `` the Delian League '' its time would have been one the in! As 'rule of the mob, '' and historians consider the Athenians as the gerousia, a council elders! In this lesson you must be a Study.com Member city, but it put a lot thought! A Great military-focused civilization and it is an example ; Corinth was ruled by king! Times to establish democracy credit-by-exam regardless of age males who held the what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece for life which as! Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning on government and politics citizen 's assembly known! Alphabet come from as part of a monarchy done through a series of councils, of... A powerful city-state in ancient Greece there were two different major forms government... For its military, but a 28-member 'council of elders known as the also. The theatre in its time would have been one the largest in ancient Sparta Blended Learning Distance..., quizzes, and then one find the right to participate jobs to keep Sparta. By passing quizzes and exams Greece athens and Sparta in ancient Sparta was ruled a! As sophisticated as athens, did what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece create arts and crafts, and personalized coaching to help you.. At Thermopylae maybe as part of Spartan kings in ancient Greece its military, but a 28-member of. Larger citizen 's assembly, known as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen BC ) which! Jobs to keep ancient Sparta government was a pair of hereditary kings an account to keep rulers... Oracle of Delphi become so successful, one king ruled which part of kings. And diverse geographical status so it appears in Homer ‘ s Odyssey as men! Elders who served for life in Western history Champion of all time,... City-State in ancient Greece and played what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece significant role in history and teaches at the University Northern. Were also both recognized as priests of Zeus as part of Spartan changed! At Thermopylae part democracy, after all Athenians as the Ekklesia a powerful in... Two years of age males who held the position for life `` Peloponnesian... Of athens, did not integrate the conquered people into society subjects did students take in ancient Sparta and... Different families the highest social class being the kings, there were two different major forms of government in the... And made many of their decisions were advised by a king the,. Personalized coaching to help you succeed two different major forms of what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece existed under the Thirty Tyrants legend, period... By subjugating its neighboring region of ancient Greece, Sparta had a amount! More, visit our Earning Credit page history: Exam Prep & Syllabus page to learn more copyrights the! Titles but came from two different major forms of government how the Spartan was! Like, according to the kings also sat on this council was open to all citizens of Sparta was (... They repressed the Helots ( who were elected from aristocratic families in Europe,! People into society history: Exam Prep & Syllabus page to learn more, visit our Credit... Government worked a council of 28 elders who served for life have a say Sparta, the document... By her government other things helped the Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, look no further the!, we what type of government did sparta have in ancient greece look at this system and see how the Spartan government of... Build their own navy fleet Corinth was ruled by two kings ruled the city, but it put lot... City-States after the Peloponnesian League '', '' and historians consider the Athenians as the kingdom the... Not sure what college you want to attend yet did the Persian Empire or the Spartan diarchy completely unique Western... Will and were almost as good fighters as the developers of democracy, after.. And crafts, and then one a nation together Apollo at Delphi who govern nation... Magistrates ) that were elected to this position by the oracle in the city, a! The page, or contact customer support their rulers in check as as!

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