Let’s suppose you picked the best stealth grow cabinet . Now it’s time to choose the right seeds. But how do you do that? About that in our article.
Distinguishing between good and bad seed will be paramount to your success in growing cannabis. The shape, colour and guarantees offered by the store where you bought it will allow you to find out if you are looking at a perfect seed to plant and obtain a good yield.
Choosing the right seed is one of the first steps every grower should take. However, in addition to selecting the variety we want to plant, it will also be important to have quality seeds that are capable of giving us good marijuana buds. This is not only influenced by the excellence of genetics, but the condition of the seeds will also be decisive in ensuring an excellent yield.
The best guarantee in this aspect is to buy them from a certified shop or website. In Semillas de Marihuana we guarantee that all our seeds come directly from the best banks of today, with the first quality of the market. In addition, the shipments are made with the necessary security (and discretion) so that they do not suffer any modification in their journey.
However, if you have a male and a female plant for fertilization and want to have your own store of marijuana seeds, it will be key to look at aspects such as color or shape, so you learn to recognize those seeds of good quality against those that will not offer the best results.
Guidelines for recognizing a good seed
Examining color is one of the main ways to know if we are dealing with a quality seed. Although sometimes some seeds have spots with strange shades, what will guarantee us their quality will be a dark brown color for the most part. Stripes or other marks of a slightly lighter or darker color will only be traces of their maturation. There are even experts who claim that a light brown seed is also suitable for germination, as it is much faster in its development during the first few days.
However, if they are green with pale shades and even white, we must flee from them. The youngest ones are protected by a green and white cellulose cover. As they mature, that layer falls off, showing the tone of the real seed. Therefore, in cases where you see these colors, it will be necessary to wait. The seeds usually acquire the perfect state of maturation for germination two and three months after being collected.
Their consistency will also help us to know if they are ready for germination. If we squeeze them slightly and see that they are still soft we will have to wait until they continue to mature and are harder.
Another issue to consider is the shape. In this case, their appearance must be rounded. However, as far as their size is concerned, it will largely depend on the variety: they usually have that of a match head (more or less 2-3 centimetres), although some can also give larger and smaller specimens. The Indicas are characterized by producing large seeds, while some Sativa genetics offer smaller seeds. This does not affect their quality as long as the other conditions are good.
Seed genetics and drying, key to quality
In the case that you are the one in charge of pollinating the plants to get the seeds, you will have to select the best male and female genetics that you have in your crop. This way their quality will be transmitted to the new ones.
If you are going to carry out a controlled fertilization, you will have to extract the pollen from the male plant and spread it over the feminized one. However, if you prefer nature itself to act, you just have to make sure you have good genetics of both sexes in your crop (or a self-fertilizing hermaphrodite).
In 4 or 6 weeks we will be able to see the first marijuana seeds in the fertilized plants. These will grow under the buds themselves, a place that is somewhat difficult to locate if we don’t look closely. Once located and at the end of flowering, we will take them with great care. It will be as simple as removing them by hand and gently.
After that, we will have to dry them for two or three months. At this time we can take advantage of this to discard those that do not look good and are not suitable for germination. In this case, we will get rid of those seeds that are deformed, damaged in their shell or broken due to handling.
To dry them it is best to keep them wrapped in paper in an airtight glass container and place them in a dark and dry place. This will ensure that, after the necessary drying time, they will be in the best condition when we go to plant them. However, it is advisable to observe them every week to see how they evolve, as some seeds may be ready long before the deadline. Their brown colour and hard texture will tell us when the time is right.
Factors that damage the health of the seeds
The first risk is in the production phase. The seeds will only appear in those plants that have been pollinated and will concentrate all the energy on their production rather than on new flowers. In these cases, the care of the mother plants must also be taken into account.
Another harmful factor is the temperature and humidity to which the seed is exposed in storage. Experts say it is key to reduce the level of oxygen in the conservation atmosphere. To this end, containers should be used that are adjusted in size to the number of units and that are hermetically sealed. This way, the less space we leave in the container the less oxygen it will contain. For example, if you have few, you can use the typical laboratory test tube.
To avoid humidity, besides storing it in a dry and dark place, you can also put some absorbent material such as kitchen paper, rice or silica gel in the container. In the latter two cases, if you don’t want them to mix with your marijuana seeds, you can use a cotton swab to separate them perfectly. However, you should also be careful with excessively low humidity levels: percentages lower than 4 or 5% can cause the seed to die.
If you buy the seeds from an unreliable store, there is also a risk that they have been previously frozen, especially at northern latitudes. In these cases, the seeds will have lost quality and in many cases will not even sprout. That is why it is very important that when you decide to buy them you do so in a trustworthy business.
In addition, deficiencies, excesses or other adverse conditions of the mother plant will influence the seeds and therefore the development of future plants. As with any crop, diseases and pests can also damage them by rendering them unusable.
All these conditions will help us to know the quality of the seeds and thus determine, to a great extent, the potential of our crop. Without a doubt, the better they are, the higher the yields we will obtain.
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